It ended, if that is the proper word, ten years thereafter in the spring of 421 B.C., when ambassadors from Athens and Sparta met to swear an oath on behalf of their rival cities that for fifty years they would honor the terms of what came to be called the Peace of Nicias (5.17-20). 2 in a battle won by the Spartan army. The Athenians had suffered two costly defeats in a row and were not as confident as before. According to Thucydides, Nicias’ motives were largely selfish. In reality the war resumed after a gap of about a year and a half, and in 418 BC Athenians and Spartans once against faced each other on the battlefield, at Mantinea. 3 - The treaty was to last fifty years Amazing Sparta's response was to sign an alliance with Athens! Why did the Peace of Nicias fail to reconcile Athens and Sparta? The thirty-year truce between Sparta and their Peloponnesian neighbour and enemies Argos was about to expire, and was unlikely to be renewed. The first theme is the Peace of Nicias and its failure. Thucydides In March 421, the Peace of Nicias was signed, which marked the end of the Archidamian War . This treaty was not popular with some of Sparta's allies. While the Spartans refrained from action themselves, some … Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition. The principal figure in the narrative is the Athenian politician and general Nicias… It was a period in which diplomatic maneuvers gradually gave way to small-scale military operations as each city tried to win smaller states over to its side. Whilst these matters were on foot, Alcibiades, who was no lover of tranquillity, and who was offended with the Lacedaemonians because of their applications and attentions to Nicias, while they overlooked and despised himself, from first to last, indeed, had opposed the peace, though all in vain, but now finding that the Lacedaemonians did not altogether continue to please the Athenians, but were thought to … Yet what most impressed later writers was not his diplomacy or his military skills, but how hard he tried to stop his empire-hungry compatriots from plunging back into war. 1 As it happened, both he and Brasidas were killed before Amphipolis in 422 B.C. ‎Why did the Peace of Nicias fail to reconcile Athens and Sparta? The essence of the Peace of Nicias (421) was a return to the prewar situation: most wartime gains were to be returned. 9 - The Athenians were not allowed to take up arms against any city that paid its tribute. The first tentative peace negotiations began after the Spartan defeat on Sphacteria in 425 BC. This battle ended with the surrender of 292 hoplites trapped on the island, amongst them 120 full Spartans. In 423 the two sides agreed to a one-year long truce. The uncertain peace was finally shattered when, in…, The peace of Nicias of 421 bce did not end the Peloponnesian War. In the third volume of his landmark four-volume history of the Peloponnesian War, Donald Kagan examines the years between the signing of the peace treaty and the destruction of the Athenian expedition to Sicily in 413 B.C. 14 - All Peloponnesians and allies of Sparta trapped within the besieged city of Scione are to be allowed to leave. The Spartans were still worried about the men captured on Sphacteria. The Peace of Nicias was a peace treaty signed between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta in the March 421 BC, ending the first half of the Peloponnesian War. 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