While assistive technology can support struggling learners, MacArthur (2009) cautions that technology by itself has little impact on learning. We’ll need different information from you depending on the cost and risk. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 31, 16-26. Pentop computers are also useful because they utilize instruction strategies such as providing auditory feedback during composition or math work. Examples of AT. Medium Tech devices is a bit of a gray area, but a good distinction to catagorize mid tech devices is that they require some training to use them. Lee, Y., & Vail, C. O. Exceptional Children, 71(1), 43-58. doi:10.1177/001440290407100103, MacArthur, C. A., Ferretti, R. P., Okolo, C. M., & Cavalier, A. R. (2001). Click here to access a list of Ministry of Education approved software titles. Text-to-speech software helps students to bypass the task of decoding words. We need to understand your AT needs and how they will help you pursue your goals. Englert, C. S., Wu, X., & Zhao, Y. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1420524203?accountid=6180, Batorowicz, B., Missiuna, C. A., & Pollock, N. A. AT items can be described as "low-tech", "mid-tech" or "high-tech". Using technology to support struggling readers: A review of the research. Often times … This device can serve as a bridge between low-tech paper communication boards and a dynamic display device. Graphing calculators can provide additional support as they verify graph shapes and help solve algebraic equations. Technology supporting written productivity in children with learning disabilities: A critical review. Text-to-voice technology in adult aboriginal sample with reading difficulties: Examination of the efficacy. Strategies for teaching students with learning and behaviour problems (7thed.). Nelson, B. Sumdog – Sumdog's learning engine adapts its math questions to each student's ability. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5826.2010.00315.x, Fasting, R. B., & Halaas Lyster, S. (2005). Here are some common examples. You can learn more about the categories and which part of your budget the funding sits in the How do we consider the cost of the assistive technology  section of the guideline: The Assistive technology – Guide for low cost support funding (DOCX 73KB) will help you understand how much funding you may need to buy low cost AT. Speaking to read: A comparison of continuous vs. discrete speech recognition in the remediation of learning disabilities. For other items, it might be better to rent or borrow them. Mid- Tech Assistive Technology: Mid-Tech Assistive Technology may sometimes prove to be more beneficial to the student. For example, the AlphaSmart is a note-taking device that can provide basic word-processing, without the cost related to the purchase and maintenance of a laptop. Lee, Y., & Vega, L. A. The Standard method works like any GoTalk—touch a message key and it talks. Examples. In addition, students may find it enjoyable to have the words recommended through word prediction and be able to form sentences without having to worry about spelling and word-choice (Evmenova et al., 2010). If you require the same or similar AT for multiple purposes and locations you should discuss your needs with your planner, local area coordinator or support coordinator. Contact Us Below we will look at some more specific details, but assistive technology runs the gamut from seat cushions to stress balls, from audio players to timers, reading guides to graphic organizers. Computers shouldn’t be restricted to a specific subject area, and the use of technology should not solely occur within a computer lab; rather, assistive and instructional technology should be an integral part of all subjects and the use of these tools should be built into the curriculum. Computerized pens – These pens can automatically transmit handwriting into digital text. Read my review of a mid tech device, the Scanmarker Air, here. Assistive technology that helps students with learning disabilities includes computer programs and tablet applications that provide text-to-speech (e.g., Kurzweil 3000), speech-to-text (e.g., Dragon Naturally Speaking), word prediction capabilities (e.g., WordQ), and graphic organizers (e.g., Inspiration). Facilitating written work using computer word processing and word prediction. Montali, J., & Lewandowski, L.  J. Jul 24, 2015 - Explore Jasmine Henderson's board "Mid Tech Assistive Technology" on Pinterest. Switches Institute for the Advancement of Research in Education. Please click on the picture at left for low-tech AT devices . Perspectives on applications of technology in the field of learning disabilities. Prepared by Gabrielle Young, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Memorial University of Newfoundland and Jeffrey MacCormack, M.Ed., Doctoral Student, Queen’s University. Laptop computers and tablet devices are beneficial for students with learning disabilities because they are portable and lightweight. Assistive technology can reduce students’ dependence on others to read, write, and organize their work (MacArthur, Ferretti, Okolo, & Cavalier, 2001; Mull & Sitlington, 2003). American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 64, 18-29. doi:10.5014/ajot.64.1.18. An example of low tech equipment is the use of a pencil grip to make it easier for a person to grasp it during writing activities. Amiripour, P., Bijan-zadeh, M. H.,  Pezeshki, P., & Najafi, M. (2011). Assistive technology training for teachers – Innovation and accessibility online. Young, G. (2012). Measuring the outcomes of word cueing technology. Reflections on research on writing and technology for struggling writers. An analysis of 25 years of research found that word prediction increases transcription accuracy and may also increase word fluency and compositional quality of writing for students with learning and academic difficulties (Peterson-Karlan, 2011). Writing in a multimedia environment: Pilot outcomes for high school students in special education. This is the least common form of technology. Assistive technology can improve the writing skills of students with learning disabilities (Batorowicz, Missiuna, & Pollock, 2012). Assistive Technology. This is true if your needs are likely to change. Braiing Camp – Animated lessons and interactive activities to assess student understanding. This software can assist students with monitoring and revising their typed work, as hearing the text read aloud may assist students in catching grammatical errors that may have otherwise gone unnoticed (Raskind & Higgins, 1995; Rao, Dowrick, Yuen, & Boisvert, 2009; Zhang, 2000). Ludlow, B. L. (2001). Journal of Special Education Technology, 25(4), 1-16. Project Gutenberg – Over 45,000 free e-books. Multiple Choice . Low technology can usually be made without the purchase of expensive materials and will not require an intense level of training. Cullen, J., Richards, S. B., & Frank, C. L. (2008). Computer-assisted instruction is also an effective way for students with learning disabilities to practice math drills (Bouck & Flanagan, 2009), as students who used computer-assisted instruction to practice math skills were able to memorize math facts more easily, and developed a more positive attitude towards math than students who did not use computer-assisted instruction (Adcock et al., 2010). Spelling checkers and students with learning disabilities: Performance comparisons and impact on spelling. Using a web-based graphic organizer with procedural prompts enabled students to produce better organized and higher quality papers, than they could produce with handwritten organizers (Englert, Wu & Zhao, 2005; Englert, Zhao, Dunsmore, Collings, & Woblers, 2007). Assistive technology service delivery in rural school districts. After reviewing the literature, Strangman and Dalton (2005) reported that the use of text-to-speech software can improve students’ sight reading and decoding abilities. Learning Disability Quarterly, 30, 9-29. doi:10.2307/30035513, Evmenova, A., Graff, H., Jerome, M., & Behrmann, M. (2010). Assistive technology refers to the devices and services that are used to increase, maintain, or improve the capabilities of a student with a disability (Dell, Newton, & Petroff, 2012). AT ranges from the simple to the complex. Computer-assisted instruction provides immediate and dynamic feedback and students with learning disabilities can benefit from this nonjudgmental computerized drill and practice (Stetter & Hughes, 2010). General educators and special educators need to become familiar with assistive and instructional technology so that they can embed this technology within their instruction to meet the needs of all their students (Chmiliar, 2007; Chmiliar & Cheung, 2007; Flanagan, Bouck, & Richardson, 2013). (n.d.) Word help. While completing her doctoral studies at Western University, Gabrielle was also actively involved with the Learning Disabilities Association – London Region, where she was Vice-President of the Board. The International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 6, 111-123. Educational Research, 2(10), 1611-1618. High tech assistive technology Journal of Educational Computing Research, 42, 423-441. doi:10.2190/EC.42.4.d, Doughty, T., Bouck, E., Bassette, L., Szwed, K. & Flanagan, S. (2013). Zhang, Y. Making informed assistive technology decisions for students with high incidence disabilities. (2005). You may need some initial directions or access to the manual to figure it all out, but tech savvy teachers may be able to figure it out solo. Assistive technologies (AT) are physical supports that help you: We can’t fund AT items that are more appropriately funded by other government services. Include battery-operated sensory toys, visual timers, and social skills videos processing tools for students with and!, Fasting, R. ( 2007 ) be especially helpful for students with high incidence.! Mathematics is a ) graph paper B ) calculators C ) virtual manipulatives D ) computer-assisted instruction help! 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