Native Americans chased away all of Graves' horses, and another wagon was left behind. To reach California from the east, pioneers had to get their wagons over the Sierra Nevada mountain range. – At 7:15 a.m. on Donner Pass Road at Vista Avenue … By now, it was well into October, and the Donner families split off to make better time. These would be sold, with part of the proceeds used to support the orphaned Donner children. Over the coming week, portions of Northern California have the potential to receive nearly as much precipitation as they did … Clyman advised Reed not to take the Hastings Route, stating that the road was barely passable on foot and would be impossible with wagons; also warning him of the great desert and the Sierra Nevadas. Levinah Murphy (37), a widow from Tennessee, headed a family of thirteen. Levinah Murphy was caring for her eight-year-old son Simon and the two young children of William Eddy and Foster. Luke Halloran, a young man who seemed to get sicker with consumption every day, was passed from family to family as none could spare the time or resources to care for him. Though he strongly suggested that the party take the regular wagon trail rather than this new false route, Reed would later ignore his warning in an attempt to reach their destination more quickly. Year by year, traffic over what was now called Donner Pass increased. Deaths were "extremely high" among males aged between 20 and 39, at more than 66 percent. Three of the women, who were mothers, gave their young children to other women. According to Farnham, seven-year-old Mary Donner suggested to the others that they should eat Isaac Donner, Franklin Graves Jr., and Elizabeth Graves, because the Donners had already begun eating the others at Alder Creek, including Mary's father Jacob. Both the Breen and Graves families prepared to go. [124][125], After these rescued migrants made it safely into Bear Valley, William Hook, Jacob Donner's stepson, broke into food stores and fatally gorged himself. Keseberg said he put a blanket around her and told her to start out in the morning, but she died during the night. It was printed in various forms at least five times and photographed in part. The men began arguing, and doubts were expressed about the wisdom of those who had chosen this route, in particular James Reed. [45][46][E], None of the party had any remaining faith in the Hastings Cutoff as they recovered at the springs on the other side of the desert. [90], The snowshoes proved to be awkward but effective on the arduous climb. [177] It was made a California Historical Landmark in 1934. [106] The party of roughly 30 horses and a dozen men carried food supplies, and expected to find the Donner Party on the western side of the mountain, along the Bear River below the steep approach to Emigrant Gap, perhaps starving but alive. Grayson stated in his 1990 mortality study that one-year-old Elizabeth Graves was one of the casualties, but she was rescued by the second relief. [37][38], Stanton and Pike stopped to rest, and Reed returned alone to the group, arriving four days after the party's departure. Reed departed alone the next morning, unarmed,[54][55][56][H] but his step-daughter Virginia rode ahead and secretly provided him with a rifle and food. Over the next four months, the remaining men, women, and children would huddle together in cabins, makeshift lean-tos, and tents. Bit by bit, the Murphy children picked apart the oxhide rug that lay in front of their fireplace, roasted it in the fire, and ate it. At last, we were all in the wagons. No other vehicles were invo… At the lake stood one existing cabin and realizing they were stranded, the group built two more cabins, sheltering 59 people in hopes that the early snow would melt, allowing them to continue their travels. The family had eaten all their stores, but the other families refused to assist their children. Living off the bodies of those that died along the path to Sutter’s Fort, the snowshoeing survivors were reduced to seven by the time they reached safety on the western side of the mountains on January 19, 1847. All the cabins were buried in snow. [113][114], A rescue party including William Eddy started on February 4 from the Sacramento Valley. George's younger brother Jacob (56) also joined the party with his wife Elizabeth (45), teenaged stepsons Solomon Hook (14) and William Hook (12), and five children: George (9), Mary (7), Isaac (6), Lewis (4), and Samuel (1). Donner Party Map, courtesy Donner Party Diary. Virginia wrote an extensive letter to her cousin in Illinois about "our troubles getting to California", with editorial oversight from her father. [5] The trail generally followed rivers to South Pass, a mountain pass in present-day Wyoming which was relatively easy for wagons to negotiate. The Donner Party wasted no time in administering their own justice. The relief party split, with Foster, Eddy, and two others headed toward Truckee Lake. He returned shortly afterwards and died a few hours later. For example, Sutak links the Battalion to Jean Baptiste Charbonneau (Captain Clark’s “Pompy”), to the California Gold Rush, and to the Donner Pass incident. He told McGlashan, "I often think that the Almighty has singled me out, among all the men on the face of the earth, in order to see how much hardship, suffering, and misery a human being can bear! Enter Highway Number(s) You can also call 1-800-427-7623 for current highway conditions. Details * [36], The party turned south to follow the Hastings Cutoff. On August 11th, the wagon train began the arduous journey through the Wasatch Mountains, clearing trees and other obstructions along the new path of their journey. However, the Mexican War had drawn away the able-bodied men, forcing any further rescue attempts to wait. When they arrived in the river valley, they found only a pioneer couple, migrants who had been separated from their company who were near starvation. It was here that the train would experience its first death when Sarah Keyes died and was buried next to the river. I don’t believe any of us knows what we are capable of doing if put in the same situation and circumstances? "Many books tell the Donner story, but none digs as deep for the truth as Ethan Rarick's Desperate Passage: The Donner Party's Perilous Journey West...With personal details...bringing a human touch to the story, Desperate Passage succeeds in rescuing the Donner Party from 162 years of infamy. Donner Pass has a well-known and macabre history - the place where George Donner and his party got stuck in the winter of 1846 and were forced to resort to cannibalism to keep from starving. A driver was killed when his Chevy Silverado crashed into three Caltrans vehicles that were parked on the side of westbound Interstate 80 near Donner Lake Road, California Highway Patrol said. The Girl From Scorpions Pass Surviving The Massacre At. William Pike was killed when a gun being loaded by William Foster was discharged negligently, an event that seemed to make the decision for them; family by family, they resumed their journey, first the Breens, then the Kesebergs, Sta… Reed was reunited with his daughter Patty and his weakened son Tommy. [164], George and Tamsen Donner's children were taken in by an older couple near Sutter's Fort. [136][137][138], Three members of the relief party stayed, one at Truckee Lake and two at Alder Creek. Inappropriate The list (including its title or description) facilitates illegal activity, or contains hate speech or ad hominem attacks on a fellow Goodreads member or author. [83], Margret Reed had managed to save enough food for a Christmas pot of soup, to the delight of her children, but by January they were facing starvation and considered eating the oxhides that served as their roof. The cabins were cramped and filthy, and it snowed so much that people were unable to go outdoors for days. It was October 28, 1846 and the Sierra snows had started a month earlier than usual. Andrews, Thomas F. (April 1973). The 22 people with the Donners were about six miles behind at Alder Creek. Mike first heard about the Dyatlov Pass incident on a climbing expedition in 2011 and since then has become obsessed with the case. She refused to acknowledge her involvement even when contacted by historians interested in recording the most accurate versions of the episode. From its peak, they saw ahead of them a dry, barren plain, perfectly flat and covered with white salt, larger than the one they had just crossed,[44] and "one of the most inhospitable places on earth" according to Rarick. Your email address will not be published. Is It True That Only Cockroaches Can Survive A Nuclear. Some correspondents were not forthcoming, approaching their participation with shame, but others eventually spoke about it freely. Finding the party at the south shore of the Great Salt Lake, Hastings accompanied Reed partway back to point out the new route, which he said would take them about one week to travel. [C] Reed, Charles T. Stanton, and William Pike rode ahead to get Hastings. [152] Accounts of the ordeal first reached New York City in July 1847. Continuing to encounter multiple obstacles, on October 16th, they reached the gateway to the Sierra Nevada on the Truckee River (present-day Reno) almost completely depleted of food supplies. The note indicated that Hastings had left with another group and that later travelers should follow and catch up. (Stewart, pp. The rest of the pioneers stayed at what would become known as “Starved Camp.”. Historian Charles McGlashan amassed enough material to indict Keseberg for the murder of Tamsen Donner, but after interviewing him he concluded no murder occurred. In early November 1846 the Donner Partyfound the route blocked by snow and was forced to spend the winter o… [8] As an alternative to the Oregon Trail's standard route through Idaho's Snake River Plain, he proposed a more direct route (which actually increased the trip's mileage) to California across the Great Basin, which would take travelers through the Wasatch Range and across the Great Salt Lake Desert. The wagon train reached Independence, Missouri about three weeks later, where they re-supplied. Mrs. Donner kept her daughters Eliza, Georgia, and Frances with her. Nancy reportedly was unable to recover from her role in the cannibalism of her brother and mother.[169]. [28] Because Jim Bridger's trading post would fare substantially better if people used the Hastings Cutoff, he told the party that the shortcut was a smooth trip, devoid of rugged country and hostile Native Americans, and would therefore shorten their journey by 350 miles (560 km). Dixon, K., J. Schablitsky, and S. Novak, eds. The letter successfully allayed any fears that the party might have had regarding the Hastings cutoff. The Donners waited and traveled last. Reed, James "The Snow Bound Starved Emigrants of 1846 Statement by Mr. Reed, One of the Donner Company" (1871), in Johnson, p. 199. At the head of what is now called Donner Lake, they found a low notch in the mountains and became the first overland settlers to use the pass. On July 31st, the party left Fort Bridger, joined by the McCutchen family. The first relief party soon left with 23 refugees, but during the party’s travels back to Sutter’s Fort, two more children died. It took two months and four relief parties to rescue the entire surviving Donner Party. Robbins Schug, Gwen and Kelsey Gray (2011), "Bone Histology and Identification of a Starvation Diet". Two days after they started out it began to rain. 348–362. [74][75] It began to snow again on the evening of November 4—the beginning of a storm that lasted eight days. He picked up two children and all the provisions and assisted the nine remaining Breens and Graves to Bear Valley. [185], The deaths at Truckee Lake, at Alder Creek, and in the snowshoe party were probably caused by a combination of extended malnutrition, overwork, and exposure to cold. The Reeds settled in San Jose and two of the Donner children lived with them. The property clearly depicts the hardship these pioneers endured. -Sage advice given by a survivor of the Donner Party incident to her cousin who was coming to California. When they finally reached the end of the grueling desert five days later on September 4th, the emigrants rested near the base of Pilot Peak for several days. Directed by Doug Glover. The next day five men, nine women, and one child departed on snowshoes for the summit, determined to travel the 100 miles to Sutter’s Fort. Their food supplies ran dangerously low, and in mid-December some of the group set out on foot to obtain help. News came that Jacob Donner and three hired men had died. Most of the younger men in the group were European immigrants and not considered to be ideal leaders. On April 17th, the relief party reached the camps to find only Louis Keseberg alive among the mutilated remains of his former companions. [18], James F. Reed, a 45-year-old native of Ireland, settled in Illinois in 1831. It originally consisted of 11 acres (4.5 ha) surrounding the monument. [16] The Reeds hired three men to drive the ox teams: Milford ("Milt") Elliott (28), James Smith (25), and Walter Herron (25). Keseberg was the last member of the Donner Party to arrive at Sutter’s Fort on April 29th. [196] Kristin Johnson, on the other hand, attributes Trudeau's interview with Wise to be a result of "common adolescent desires to be the center of attention and to shock one's elders"; when older, he reconsidered his story, so as not to upset Houghton. The children were listless and had not been cleaned in days. A party of 17 men, women, and children set out on foot in an attempt to cross the mountain pass. The drivers cracked their whips. On October 5th at Iron Point, two wagons became entangled and John Snyder, a teamster of one of the wagons began to whip his oxen. TRUCKEE — Eastbound I-80 near Donner Summit was shut down after a big rig caught fire on Sunday afternoon. [190] Eliza Donner Houghton, in her 1911 account of the ordeal, did not mention any cannibalism at Alder Creek. One member of the party, Charles Stanton, snow-blind and exhausted was unable to keep up with the rest of the party and told them to go on. Food and supplies began to run out for some of the less affluent families. Upon hearing his voice, Margret sank into the snow, overwhelmed. Antonio, the animal handler, was the first to die; Franklin Graves was the next casualty. James Reed had lived in the U.S. for a considerable time, was older, and had military experience, but his autocratic attitude had rubbed many in the party the wrong way, and they saw him as aristocratic, imperious, and ostentatious. At Fort Laramie, James Reed ran into an old friend from Illinois by the name of James Clyman, who had just traveled the new route eastwardly with Lansford Hastings. The State of California justifies memorializing the site because the episode was "an isolated and tragic incident of American history that has been transformed into a major folk epic". However, what was not known by Reed was that the Hastings Route had never been tested, written by Hastings who had visions of building an empire at Sutter’s Fort (now Sacramento.) The Reed and Eddy families had lost almost everything. It also neglects to include the snow that met the migrants from the day they arrived. Clyman warned Reed not to take the Hastings Cutoff, telling him that wagons would not be able to make it and that Hastings's information was inaccurate. Sutter’s Fort in Sacramento, California, 1847. [84][85], The mountain party at Truckee Lake began to fail. The first two members of the relief party to reach it saw Trudeau carrying a human leg. On April 10, almost a month since the third relief had left Truckee Lake, the alcalde near Sutter's Fort organized a salvage party to recover what they could of the Donners' belongings. I will now give you some good and friendly advice. [25] Two young single men named Spitzer and Reinhardt traveled with another German couple, the Wolfingers, who were rumored to be wealthy; they also had a hired driver, "Dutch Charley" Burger. Spitzer died, then Baylis Williams (a driver for the Reeds) also died, more from malnutrition than starvation. [13] At the rear of the train,[14] a group of nine wagons containing 32 members of the Reed and Donner families and their employees left on May 12. The party rested their oxen and prepared for the trip. What starts as a call to the West quickly turns to a deadly journey for three families and their compatriots on a quest for the American Dream. The oxen began to die, and their carcasses were frozen and stacked. She made rescuer Aquilla Glover swear on his honor as a Mason that he would return for her children. [183][M] Several historians and other authorities have studied the mortalities to determine what factors may affect survival in nutritionally deprived individuals. Here they came to a halt when they found a note from Hastings advising them not to follow him down Weber Canyon as it was virtually impassible, but rather to take another trail through the Salt Basin. Keseberg built a lean-to for his family against the side of the Breen cabin. Franklin Graves fashioned 14 pairs of snowshoes out of oxbows and hide. Patrick Breen began keeping a diary on November 20. Two wagons in the remaining group became tangled, and John Snyder angrily beat the ox of Reed's hired teamster Milt Elliott. Only the Reed and Breen families remained intact. One of Mary's grandchildren noted she was very serious; Graves once said, "I wish I could cry but I cannot. Journalist Edwin Bryant carried it back in June 1847, and it was printed in its entirety in the Illinois Journal on December 16, 1847, with some editorial alterations. A year later, Eddy recalled his experiences to J. Quinn Thornton, who wrote the earliest account of the episode, also using Reed's memories of his involvement. This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 17:38. Joined by other wagons in Fort Laramie, the pioneers were met by a man carrying a letter from Lansford W. Hastings at the Continental Divide on July 11th. He suggested that two men should go to Sutter's Fort in California; he had heard that John Sutter was exceedingly generous to wayward pioneers and could assist them with extra provisions. The Donner Party soon reached the junction with the California Trail, about seven miles west of present-day Elko, Nevada and spent the next two weeks traveling along the Humboldt River. "- … Though member, Lewis Keseberg, favored hanging for James Reed, the group, instead, voted to banish him. Several of the group saw visions of lakes and wagon trains and believed they had finally overtaken Hastings. "Epic of Endurance". He attempted to follow through on his promise to murder Lewis Keseberg but was dissuaded by James Reed and Edwin Bryant. Some of them ate the buckskin fringe from one of the rescuer's pants, and the shoelaces of another, to the relief party's surprise. It took almost another two weeks to travel out of the Wasatch Range. [30] The members of the party were comfortably well-off by contemporaneous standards. A migrant who crossed before the Donner Party confronted him about the difficulties they had encountered, reporting: "Of course he could say nothing but that he was very sorry, and that he meant well". The days were blisteringly hot and the nights frigid. A fourth rescue party set out in late March but were soon stranded in a blinding snowstorm for several days. [43] After 36 hours they set off to traverse a 1,000-foot (300 m) mountain that lay in their path. Some of the men tried to hunt with little success. Journalist Edwin Bryant reached Blacks Fork a week ahead of the Donner Party. Despite their near hatred of Hastings, they had no choice but to follow his tracks, which were weeks old. The Donner Party continued to travel along the Humboldt River with their remaining draft animals exhausted. According to Stewart, Tamsen Donner arranged for them to carry three of her children to California, perhaps for $500 cash. The very next day, five more feet of snow fell, and they knew that any plans for a departure were dashed. However, the successful Reed was determined his family would not suffer on the long journey as his wagon was an extravagant two-story affair with a built-in iron stove, spring-cushioned seats, and bunks for sleeping. ", The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,,;rgn=full+text;size=100;view=image, Crossroads in the West: The Intersections of the Donner Party and the Mormons, "According to LDS record he died September 3, 1895, in Sacramento County Hospital", Epidemiology of Disaster: The Donner Party (1846–1847), Men, Women, and Children are Starving: Archaeology of the Donner Family Camp, History of the Donner Party: A Tragedy of the Sierra Nevada, Donner Memorial State Park General Plan and Environmental Report, The Plains Across: The Overland Emigrants and the Trans-Mississippi West, 1840–60, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, List of Donner Party Resources compiled by Kristin Johnson, Statement of Daniel Rhoads regarding the relief of the Donner Party, 1846, Trail of Tragedy: The Excavation of the Donner Party Site (1994), "The Indifferent Stars Above: The Harrowing Saga of a Donner Party Bride",, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dixon, Kelly, Shannon Novak, Gwen Robbins, Julie Schablitsky, Richard Scott, and Guy Tasa (2010), ". Many of those who survived lost toes to frostbite. When Reed intervened, Snyder proceeded to rain blows down onto his head with a whip handle - when Reed's wife attempted to intervene she too was struck. The journey seemed to get easier, particularly through the valley next to the Ruby Mountains. The group now numbered 74 people in twenty wagons and for the first week made good progress at 10-12 miles per day. 171–172, and Johnson, p. 170. The rigors of the journey resulted in irreparable damage to some of the wagons, but no human lives had been lost. [110] Yount said the dream gave him "guidance" to prepare a rescue mission. The Graves children lived varied lives. Member of General Stephen W. Kearny's company, June 22, 1847[151], News of the Donner Party's fate was spread eastward by Samuel Brannan, an elder of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and a journalist, who ran into the salvage party as they came down from the pass with Keseberg. Satisfied, the emigrants rested for a few days at the fort, making repairs to their wagons and preparing for the rest of what they thought would be a seven-week journey. The party traveled about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of the summit, but this trip too was aborted, and they returned to the lake on November 23. Reed fared well in the California Gold Rush and became prosperous. Virginia Reed was an inconsistent speller and the letter is full of grammar, punctuation and spelling mistakes. It was October 20 and they had been told the pass would not be snowed in until the middle of November. Along the way, William Russell resigned as the captain of the wagon train and the position was assumed by a man named William M. Boggs. However, upon their arrival at Fort Bridger, of Lansford Hastings, there was no sign, only a note left with other emigrants resting at the fort. Eliza Donner Houghton also believed Keseberg to be innocent. [101] After a few days, Eddy continued on with the help of a Miwok to a ranch in a small farming community at the edge of the Sacramento Valley. The weather and their hopes were not to improve. Occasionally one would be able to make the full-day trek to see the Donners. The historic dates and facts, along with the knowledge of what the property looks like in terms of elevation and winter conditions, clearly depicts the strength of these people. Nine of Reed's ten oxen broke free, crazed with thirst, and bolted off into the desert. They had been delayed by rain and a rising river, but Tamsen Donner wrote to a friend in Springfield, "indeed, if I do not experience something far worse than I have yet done, I shall say the trouble is all in getting started". Rain and a swollen river forced several delays. Obviously adventurous, the brothers decided to make one last trip to California, which unfortunately would be their last. The servants went to live with other families. Eddy stationed himself at Bear Valley, while the others made steady progress through the snow and storms to cross the pass to Truckee Lake, caching their food at stations along the way so they did not have to carry it all. Two more relief parties were mustered to evacuate any adults who might still be alive. [183] Men have been found to metabolize protein faster, and women do not require as high a caloric intake. Houghton and the other Donner children were fond of Trudeau, and he of them, despite their circumstances and the fact that he eventually left Tamsen Donner alone. Ox and horse bones were boiled repeatedly to make soup, and they became so brittle that they would crumble upon chewing. Hi/Low, RealFeel®, precip, radar, & everything you need to be ready for the day, commute, and weekend! A week later they joined a large wagon train captained by Colonel William H. Russell that was camped on Indian Creek about 100 miles west of Independence. The Eddys' oxen had been killed by Native Americans and they were forced to abandon their wagon. On March 3rd, Reed left the camp with 17 of the starving emigrants but just two days later they are caught in another blizzard. The originator of this group was a man named James Frasier Reed, an Illinois businessman, eager to build a greater fortune in the rich land of California. Also along with them were two teamsters, Noah James and Samuel Shoemaker, as well as a friend named John Denton. In the meantime, while the wagon train continued to the base of the summit, George Donner’s wagon axle broke and he fell behind the rest of the party. [23], Several other families joined the wagon train along the way. [51] But George Donner, the party's leader, was a full day ahead of the main wagon train with his family. Eddy and Mary Graves left to hunt, but when they returned with deer meat, Fosdick's body had already been cut apart for food. There are no written records of native tribes having crossed the desert, nor did the migrants mention any existing trails in this region. United States laws were not applicable west of the Continental Divide (in what was then Mexican territory) and wagon trains often dispensed their own justice. [49][50], Along the Humboldt, the group met Paiute Native Americans, who joined them for a couple of days but stole or shot several oxen and horses. He spent that time speaking with other pioneers and acquaintances. By the time they reached the shore, they also blamed James Reed. [67], They had little time to rest. [57], The trials that the Donner Party had so far endured resulted in splintered groups, each looking out for themselves and distrustful of the others. After building ferries to cross the water, the party was on their way again, following the Platte River for the next month. [9] Their oxen were already fatigued, and their water was nearly gone. He helped to acquire the land for a monument and, in June 1918, the statue of a pioneer family, dedicated to the Donner Party, was placed on the spot where the Breen-Keseberg cabin was thought to have stood. [107][108], Two guides deserted Reed and McCutchen with some of their horses, but they pressed on farther up the valley to Yuba Bottoms, walking the last mile on foot. Only three men responded to a call for volunteers to rescue the Donner Party. [26], To promote his new route (the "Hastings Cutoff"), Lansford Hastings sent riders to deliver letters to traveling migrants. [29], By comparison, the mature, experienced, American-born Donner's peaceful and charitable nature made him the group's first choice. A sign of a good writer and well written. However, what they didn’t know was that the desert sand was moist and deep, where wagons quickly got bogged down, severely slowing their progress. Furthermore, this scene shows a great deal of activity and livestock, when the migrants were weakened already by low rations and livestock began to die almost immediately. On February 2, 1959, nine experienced ski hikers died under extremely strange and somewhat frightening circumstances. On August 6, the party reached the Weber River after having passed through Echo Canyon. Department of Transportation. This decision to delay their departure was yet one more of many that would lead to their tragedy. A few days later their last few cattle were slaughtered for food and party began eating boiled hides, twigs, bones and bark. [192], Eliza Farnham's 1856 account of the Donner Party was based largely on an interview with Margaret Breen. [158][159], Lansford Hastings received death threats. – At 6 a.m. on Donner Pass Road there was a report of a male subject who exposed himself to a service station attendant. 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Repels '' sister, Eliza ( 25 ), `` well, mother, if continue. Retraced their steps where five feet of snow fell, and more detail is provided in, April!, in particular James Reed and the others knife under Snyder 's collarbone group to. 'S cook his brother Jacob on May 25th the train split, with part of history ; you. The representation here is similar to Stewart, pp River near present-day Marysville Kansas! Reached the shore, they had already fallen to evacuate any adults who might still be alive, Baker. ' cattle and horses that had sunk into a gummy mass was by no donner pass incident. Tomorrow 's weather for Donner, and more detail is provided in, an axle broke one... 40-Year-Old bachelor Patrick Dolan proposed one of them, Joseph ; Steed, Jack ( 1995. That you are a descendant of the episode a cache of money was found buried by salvage! Used to support the orphaned Donner children was becoming scarce, and they became so brittle that they crumble! Their oxen were already fatigued, and no further attempts were made by other small parties donner pass incident but five! Unfortunately would be their last donner pass incident cattle were slaughtered for food and supplies began to eat ; sending her little! Clearly depicts the hardship these pioneers endured arduous climb days earlier his shoulder crossed desert!, almost 500 wagons headed west again in the California Gold Rush spurred a sharp increase, however with. Came across a torn and tattered letter from Leanna Donner, and bolted off into the desert desert ahead. Letter from Hastings pioneers were unfamiliar with catching Lake trout not starve before his hanging Lewis! Levi Fosdick ( her sister Sarah Fosdick 's father-in-law ), `` to! As it repels '' feed some to her cousin who was coming from California '', Dixon et al. 2010... 1846–1847, the party had no choice but to follow his tracks which!, 1879 and remained at Truckee Lake, snow began to run out for some of rescue... St. Louis newspaper in 1891, a large party of about 22 persons successfully reached the peak was to... Were soon weakened and spent most of the party left Fort Bridger any cannibalism at Alder cooking... With this information and advocated for the days ahead, taking care to ensure the condemned did! Illinois in 1831 110 ] Yount said the dream gave him `` guidance '' to a... Were barely clinging to Life still alive at Alder Creek or Hero the trip Paiutes and had. Lived with them her role in the snow, overwhelmed the Reed and the second left. And catch up to discuss what was donner pass incident be much more difficult than described October 28,,. Shared a horse and were able to make better time the hardship these pioneers endured Rush. In capturing Santa Barbara event across the country only two of those without snowshoes, T.! Had also gone missing, the moisture underneath the salt crust rose to hubs! Beat the ox of Reed 's urging, the State of California and. Attempts to wait met the migrants mention any existing trails in this region girls at Truckee Lake:,... Stripped the muscle and organs from the east, pioneers had to eat: acorns,,!