500 gramme of cowpeas (leaves) The problem of malnutrition and nutrition deficiency, as well as droughts that lead to reduction in food supply and starvation, is well documented for Sub-Saharan Africa. They can be cooked like any other leafy vegetable, and can be dried and preserved to be cooked at a later date. Cowpea seeds also vary in size, shape and colour and the number of seeds per pod also varies. Quick (30 minutes or less), 500 gramme of tomatoes The final result was a creamy dish that pairs perfectly with nshima (the Zambian staple food). to access the full features of the site or access our. Add cold water and mix into a smooth paste. NUTRITIONAL, SENSORY AND KEEPING PROPERTIES OF FERMENTED SOLAR-DRIED COWPEA LEAF VEGETABLES. The two lateral leaves are asymmetrical, and the terminal leaf is symmetrical. Department of Environmental and Biosystems Engineering, University of Nairobi, P.O. If the leaves are to be preserved, rather than consumed fresh, they are blanched and kneaded into a pulp that is squeezed to form balls, which are then dried in the sun. of freeze-dried raw cowpea leaves in the three districts of Kongwa, Singida and Arumeru, Tanzania have been reported [12]. found that six (6) tonnes of fresh leaf (1 tonne dried leaf) of cowpea could supply about 800 children 4-6 years old with 10 g leaf concentrate and provide them 7.75 mg of iron per week year round (source: www.leafforlife.org>VIGNAUNG, 2016). Sweet potato - Wikipedia Five African crops — sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet, cowpea, and hyacinth bean — somehow found their way to Gujarat in India during the Late Harappan (2000–1700 BCE). Add salt and pepper and serve. Leaves or tender stem tips of the common pea (Pisum sativum L.) are eaten in both tropical and temperate regions, in Malawi Burma, Indonesia, China, and Japan. The higher protein (39.24%) content of the dried tender leaves was due to concentration effect. Among West African communities, these vegetables are consumed as accompaniment with cereals or as vegetable sauces with other foods such meat and fish (Madodé et al., 2011 ). Leaves also possess considerable amounts of other beneficial dietary components e.g. Cowpea is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. 1: Leaves of cowpea (Var. The stems, leaves, and vines serve as animal feed and are often stored for use during the dry season. Recipes Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. Cowpea leaves is one of the common leafy vegetables consumed in Kenya that contain high levels of pro-vitamin A compounds and has good carotene retention during processing. Its fresh or dried seeds, pods and leaves are commonly used as human food. and it is not used for commercial purposes. Leaf morphology was studied in the cowpea RIL population, Sanzi (sub-globose leaf shape) x Vita 7 (hastate leaf shape). Add chopped onions, tomatoes and groundnuts. Energy efficient gentle drying conditions using superabsorbent polymers and a temperature of 40 °C were shown to preserve most leaf structures and vitamins. ... be used for harvesting dried cowpea. The cowpea leaves have a richer nutritional composition compared with the grains (Mamiro, 2011). dried seeds, fresh pods and leaves as vegetables and the green or dried leftover parts of the plant, leaves and stems (haulms), can be used as fodder for livestock [1]. dried grain), green beans or green pods. Cook for 10 minutes, stirring continuously. Department of Materials, ETH Zurich, Schmelzbergstrasse 9, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland. Dried vegetable balls can be made from the leaves of various plants, and morogo wa dinawa (dinawa means “beans”) is made specifically with the iron-rich leaves of the cowpea plant. Dried Slender Leaf and Nightshade leaves could be rehydrated to the equilibrium moisture content of fresh leaves upon dry storage, while it was not possible for Jute Mallow, Cowpea and Amaranthus. 3 onions Department of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition, The ground dried seeds is often mixed with onions and spices and fried in oil. Cowpea grain matures earlier than cereals, hence becomes a quick source of cash before the maize, millets and cassava are harvested. Pests. Like other legumes, cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling. is available on our Permission Requests page. This was attributed to different palisade parenchyma cell lengths. Major pests & diseases. L. van 't Hag, J. Danthe, S. Handschin, G. P. Mutuli, D. Mbuge and R. Mezzenga, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zurich, Schmelzbergstrasse 9, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland, Department of Environmental and Biosystems Engineering, University of Nairobi, P.O. 2. Now that the rains have started this December, we'll have fresh leaves, and fresh cowpeas, again soon. Reproduced material should be attributed as follows: Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences Add 1 tablespoon of the dried cowpea leaves and cook for another 2-3 minutes. This may take some time to load. The study findings are important at pro-moting the preparation and consumption of these vegeta-bles and thereby contribution to the elimination of VAD and anemia. Sort cowpea leaves, blanch for 5 minutes, dry and pound. The younger leaves are more tender, succulent and nutritional compared to the older leaves. Cowpea is called the "hungry-season crop" because it is the first crop to be harvested before the cereal crops (Gomez, 2004). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial Its leaves are in alternate pattern and are trifoliate, the colour of the leaves is dark green and shape varies from linear-lanceolate to ovate. Cook for 10 minutes, stirring continuously. Dried cowpea leaves, separated from the stems, were included at 5% (replacing 50% of soybean meal) with no detrimental effect on the health of growing rabbits (Magouze et al., 1998) or breeding does (Mahmoud et al., 1998). You do not have JavaScript enabled. Mix together pigeon pea and millet flours. Ahenkora The cowpea leaves also can be consumed as food. Marketing: For the Cowpea seed market, seed quality is vital, so care in harvest and post-harvest handling may be important to avoid cracked or split seed. Join the Jiranileo community! dried black-eyed peas • small smoked ham hock (about 1/2 pound) • bay leaves • garlic, smashed and peeled 10 cups water • spicy chorizo sausage or spicy Italian … This article is part of the themed collection: For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals. Young cowpea leaves are eaten as a pot herb and enjoyed in many parts of Africa. Material from this article can be used in other publications The freshly harvested leaves are sold in local markets in many parts of Ghana, and has multiple uses like food, feed, forage, fodder, green manuring and vegetable. Pick the leaves when you are sure to cook them within 3 days. Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zurich, Schmelzbergstrasse 9, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland Cook dried cowpea leaves until tender. 6. raffaele.mezzenga@hest.ethz.ch, b The stems of cowpea are striate, smooth or slightly hairy. 3.0 Unported Licence. Dried Slender Leaf and Nightshade leaves could be rehydrated to the equilibrium moisture content of fresh leaves upon dry storage, while it was not possible for Jute Mallow, Cowpea and Amaranthus. It is also known as Bachapin Bean, Southern Pea Black Eyed Cowpea, Black Eyed Dolichos, Poona Pea Black-Eyed Pea, Rope Bean Black-Eyed Bean, Red Pea China Bean, Marble Pea, Common Cowpea, Macassar Bean, Cowgram, Cowpea, Kafir Bean, Cultivated African Cowpea, … 5. * Quick (30 minutes or less) Ingredients [edit | edit source] 500 gramme of tomatoes 3 onions 500 gramme of cowpeas (leaves) 1 cup(s) of groundnuts (Pounded or Peanut butter) pepper salt. leaves are three -parted, egg shaped, and hairless. Fig. 1 cup(s) of groundnuts (Pounded or Peanut butter) Cook mixture for 10 minutes, stirring constantly. Cowpea and bean are the most consumed legume leaves. An increased amount of starch granules as observed in the microstructure of Cowpea and Nightshade leaves is suggested to explain their fibrous texture upon cooking. provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material On a recent trip to East Africa, whilst enjoying the diverse traditional foods, I was stuck by the fact that food drying is not practiced there. Box 30196, Nairobi, Kenya, c Charity Caroline Njambi Muchoki A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment for the Degree of Master of Science in Food Science and Technology. The nutrients considered were vitamins B2 and C, and β-carotene. These results show that the ALVs can be effectively preserved using the same drying method and that this can be used to fight micro-nutrient deficiencies during droughts. In Africa it’s widely cultivated for it’s leaves which are widely used as a vegetable in several countries. Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] exhibits a considerable variation in leaf shape. sun-dried cowpea and amaranth leaves on serum BC, ret-inol, and hemoglobin levels among preschool children aged 2.5–6 years [20]. Sun-dried leaves can be stored for up to a year because dried, cooked leaves are not damaged as much by insects as dried seeds. Dried cowpea leaves. With recognised nutritional value, cowpea can be consumed such as mature beans (i.e. All parts of the cowpea crop are used as all are rich in nutrients and fiber. 100g of dried cowpea leaves 50g of dried jute mallow leaves 1 tbsp of cooking oil 1 medium onion 2 medium tomatoes ¼ cup of sesame flour 4 cups of water ¼ cup of African Lye (Mshelekha) Preparation Soak the leaves in a pan with 2 cups of water and let them become soft. Grains, pods and leaves of the cowpea are processed and used as food ingredient by the food industry [43, 44, 45, 46]. Add hot water to paste. 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