At the Basel Carnival there are five major groups of participants. The Fasnacht badge – called a "Blaggedde" was introduced in 1911. Some of them are used for experiments with the Fasnacht topic, such as Fasnachts-Musicals or concerts with traditional Fasnacht instruments and crossovers with "classic" instruments. The Fasnächtler who participate in the parade generally toss confetti into the crowds, and hand out candy and other treats to the spectators. Back then, the Fasnacht participants took to the alleys with burning torches. The first pole-mounted lanterns appeared in 1845 when a ban on carrying open-flame torches was issued. A brief history The origins of Basel's Fasnacht are rather obscure, partly because of the terrible earthquake in the year 1356 which destroyed large parts of the city and many official archives. {{purchaseLicenseLabel}} {{restrictedAssetLabel}} {{buyOptionLabel(option)}} You have view only access under this Premium Access agreement. In 2017 it was given the Intangible Cultural Heritage status. Never before has a Fasnacht been celebrated with more snow, and especially not fresh-fallen snow. A group of basel carnival masks lay in a corner waiting for their owners during a break Basel carnival 2018 - Two masks hanging besides a green door. Basel Carnival is the most popular and largest festival in Switzerland. In these large trailers (Waage) are usually Waggis throwing oranges, sweets, flowers or other treats to (or at) the crowd. All you need to know about the history and background to the "three best days". It is said, that in order to differ from the Catholic customs, Fasnacht was scheduled one week later starting in 1529. In 2002, the Industrielle Werke Basel (IWB) turned the streetlights off too early, at 3:59 am. Owing to its uniqueness and quality, it has been added to the UNESCO intangible cultural heritage list. Tradition – Carnival. The Waggis, a traditional carnival costume in Basel The Carnival of Basel (German: Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel. In the years after the Second World War, many new cliques were established, the quality of piping and drumming rose to new levels, while the costumes and head-masks (Larve) took on their typical Basel touch. This is not a complete list, rather an overview of the larger or more significant events. Andreasplatz, Basel, Switzerland - February 19th, 2018. The Basler Fasnacht starts on the Monday after Ash Wednesday at precisely 4:00 am with the so-called Morgestraich (see below). The lanterns, most of them still wrapped up from delivery from their respective workshops, are brought to where the parade begins in the city centre. Some trucks are on display on the Kasernenareal from Monday night to Wednesday morning. The first documented mention of Carnival in Basel occurred back in 1376 when a joust was organised by the Duke of Austria, on Shrove Tuesday. These Sujets can be seen on lanterns during Morgenstreich and in the costumes worn by Clique members during the Cortège. In German-speaking Switzerland, carnival is known as “Fasnacht” – and Basel’s is the largest in the country, with 72 continuous hours of processions and partying. In 2017 the UNESCO added the Carnival of Basel to the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage.[5]. Basel's guilds had a considerable influence on the development of Carnival, the "three best days". Most of the people in the carriages, generally less rude than the Waggis, are dressed as old ladies and referred to as the Alti Tante (meaning "old aunt"), giving them a near-royal feeling. The two routes are sometimes referred to as the blue and the red route because of their colour representation on the route map. During this chanting, the lanterns are gradually extinguished. When, during the age of Reformation, merrymaking and feasting were increasingly restricted, even banned at times, the Basel Fasnacht gradually developed into a display of resistance against the city’s authorities. “Die drey scheenschte Dääg” (“the three most beautiful days”), is the nickname that the people of Basel give to their most beloved tradition, the Basel Fasnacht, or Basler Fasnacht to give it its correct German name. Insider tips from Basel: top events, competitions and special offers. The parades became more political and gradually adopted their typical satirical bent. [email protected]Kontakt, Terms of Use / Exclusion of Liability / Privacy Statement. Breaking from tradition, Basel carnival is on the Monday following Ash Wednesday, occurring over the locally-coined three finest days. It has specialties that you can't find anywhere else. Martin Frutiger The Carnival of Basel ("Basler Fasnacht") is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel. The Carnival of Basel is often referred to as the only Protestant carnival in the world. In Basel, these 3 days are actually bank holidays so that everyone can enjoy. Basler Fasnacht is often referred to as die drey scheenschte Dääg ("the three most beautiful days"). The income still serves to subsidize the cliques. Credit: swiss.photos/Alamy Live News During the Cortège, there are many trucks or tractors with decorated trailers. Many Cliques have their own masked balls in their clique-cellars. Historians note that the Catholic carnival date was rescheduled six days earlier in 1091 in the Council of Benevent, because the Sundays were excluded from the 40-day fasting period before Easter, making Ash Wednesday the first day of Lent. Military elements were incorporated which still characterize Carnival in Basel to this day: the measured marching pace to the sound of drums and piccolos. The carnival takes place in Basel, Switzerland kicking off on Monday after Ash Wednesday at approximately 4:00 am. This is one of these museums with very diverse expositions: cultural objects from various peoples, modern and antique, common and strange looking. According wiki, Carnival of Basel is one of the top fifty local festivities in Europe. +41 61 268 68 68 In addition, there were approximately 6,000 "wild" Fasnächtler (Schyssdräggzygli). The carnival lasts for exactly 72 hours and, therefore, ends on Thursday morning at 4:00 am. Blumenrain, Basel, Switzerland - March 12th, 2019. The first cliques were formed, Schnitzelbank singers made their appearance for the first time, and piping and drumming gradually became the hallmark of Fasnacht. The Comité also distributes Fasnacht badges (Blaggedde). See more ideas about Basel, Neuchatel, Carnival. On the command "Morgestraich, vorwärts marsch!" A Clique usually consists of a Vortrab (vanguard), the Pfeifer (pipers), the Tambourmajor (drum major) and the Tambouren (drummers). Basel Carnival 2021. Basel Carnival Exhibition. Like with most carnival customs, the roots of the Basel Fasnacht trace back to ancient Celtic and Germanic origins and practices relating to ancestor worship, fertility rites, and the expulsion of winter. One of the most famous festivals is the Carnival of Basel (the Lenten Carnival), which is celebrated by the locals during the first seven days of Lent. During this time the Fasnächtler (the participants) dominate the old town of central Basel, running free in the streets and restaurants. The Fasnacht carnival in Basel is the only protestant carnival in the world and has been around since the 14th century. Nonetheless, Fasnacht went on until Thursday at 4:00 am. One is that the Basler Fasnacht is Switzerland’s biggest carnival. 22 – 24 February 2021. A high point is always at the ‘morgestraich,’ in … The approximately 18,000 active Fasnächtler dress up in a wide variety of costumes, including a mask known as a Larve. There are a number of events that occur before and after Fasnacht. Today, the Carnival of Basel is said to be "the only Protestant carnival in the world". At exactly 4 am all the lights in the old town of Basel are turned off, and the Industrielle Werke Basel (the Industrial Works of Basel are the public utility organisation of the city) shuts down the streetlights. Originally, sweets in the form of small sugar balls known as confetti (an Italian name, similar to the English confectionery) were given away or thrown at the crowd during the parade. In 2004, over 480 units were registered with the Fasnachts-Comité: 141 Cliques, organisations and groups, 141 floats and coaches, 61 Gugge music groups, 86 pipe and drums groups, and 55 individual masks and small groups. The Fasnacht Committee (Comité), established in 1910, was permitted to sell them in order to finance part of the Fasnacht costs. The first officially permitted Morgenstreich was held in 1835. All lanterns are on display from Monday evening until Wednesday morning on the Münsterplatz (the square in front of the Basel Münster) and are lit in the evenings. In 2020, the carnival was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Some of the so-called Vorfasnachtsveranstaltungen are: The lantern piping (Ladärne yynepfyffe) takes place on the Sunday evening before Fasnacht. TiffaF 10:55, 25 April 2013 (UTC) External links modified. ("Morgestraich, forward march!") Contact your company to license this image. Before Fasnacht starts, various events (Vorfasnachtsveranstaltungen) take place. Later it was also influenced by such events as medieval jousts, military musters organized by the city’s guilds, and religious festivals before Lent. It provides services to the groups involved in Fasnacht and mediates between the interests of the Fasnacht, the general public, and the authorities. Similar verses are also distributed by the various Cliques in flyers known as Zeedel. Close-up of two Basel carnival 2019 colorful carnival masks. The first one, ending on Ash Wednesday, was known as the Herren- or Pfaffenfasnacht (lords' or priests' carnival) and was observed by those members of the higher echelons of society. Except on the Cortège, the Cliques do not follow fixed routes, and it is thus very common for different Cliques to cross paths. Since 2017, the Carnival of Basel has been included in UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage. Spectators, on the other hand, will be politely guided off the route by the Vortrab. Before the beginning of Lent, or the 40-day fasting period, feasts and folk-festivals were commonly held. 'Carnival of Basel' is stilted English. The Fasnacht Committee, founded in 1910, consists of ten to fifteen honorary members and is responsible for the organization of the “three best days of the year”. Basel locals call their carnival "liebe Frau Fasnacht" (dear Lady Fasnacht). The Carnival in Basel is Switzerland's largest "carnival" and the main Protestant one in the world. Feb 6, 2013 - Explore H Stevenson's board "Fasnacht" on Pinterest. In that case, one Clique will stop and let the other Clique pass. Participants are fully concealed and must remain incognito while parading; it is considered inappropriate and a breach of protocol to identify oneself by removing the mask, other than during official breaks from the parade. Like with most carnival customs, the roots of the Basel Fasnacht trace back to ancient Celtic and Germanic origins and practices relating to ancestor worship, fertility rites, and the expulsion of winter. This 50 cm of snow was the third-highest snow level ever recorded in Basel and the highest level of fresh-fallen snow within 24 hours for the city.[6]. Basel carnival 2018. BASLER FASNACHT 2013 ,SWITZERLANDSWISS FASNACHTCARNIVAL OF SWITZERLANDcamera & edited by Johny Basel The second, one week later at the old time, was known as the Bauernfasnacht (farmers' carnival). The festival opens at 4 am in a grand ceremony called Morgenstraich (meaning in English, Morning Prank) and continues for 3 days. If the people come from different Cliques, it is common to see groups with mixed costumes and masks. It starts at 4 AM on the Monday after Ash Wednesday – yes, rebellious Basel celebrates carnival during lent – and it lasts exactly 72 hours. It is usually referred to as 'Basel Fasnacht', or just 'Fasnacht' in English, sometimes as Basel Carnival. The Schnitzelbank singer is a bard that sings satirical verses about current events in Basel or from around the world. Even so, Basel's sanitation department succeeds in clearing away this mess within two hours during the night, so, by the following morning, there is little evidence of the previous day's events. While there is no proof for this theory, the amount of confetti used during Basler Fasnacht is huge in comparison to other carnivals. Afterwards, only this second carnival was celebrated in Basel. The common explanation is that after the Reformation in 1520, Basel continued celebrating its Fasnacht, while the other regions officially stopped. There are no documents from this era supporting this theory, and the resolutions from 1529 were not quoted until 200 years later. [1], Since 2017, the Carnival of Basel has been included in UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage.[2]. The Waggis are an affectionate spoof on the Alsatian farmers who, in the distant past, regularly rolled up to Basel markets to sell produce. Hello fellow Wikipedians, I have just modified 2 external links on Carnival of Basel. Fasnacht Basel is the largest and most famous carnival in Switzerland. The Carnival of Basel (German: Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel. During this time the Fasnächtler (the participants) dominate the old town of central Basel, running free in the streets and restaurants. Many non-Clique individuals and small groups known as Schyssdräggziigli also wander through the streets. More than that it’s a family affair where tradition collides with modern affairs in what is a fascinating spectacle to observe. 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