Gorkha forces vs Limbuwan force. What is the denotative and connotative meaning of clouds? The Limbuwan Gorkha war was a series of battles fought between the King of Gorkha s and the rulers of various principalities of Limbuwan from 1771 to 1774 AD. During World War I (1914–1918) more than 200,000 Gurkhas served in the British Army, suffering approximately 20,000 casualties and receiving almost 2,000 gallantry awards. Then, the Muslim Yavanas took power. , On 29 April 2009 a motion in the House of Commons by the Liberal Democrats that all Gurkhas be offered equal right of residence was passed by 267 votes to 246.  In 1863 Queen Victoria presented the regiment with the Queen's Truncheon, as a replacement for the colours that rifle regiments do not usually have..  All royal titles were dropped when India became a republic in 1950.. The lunar dynasty remained in power for thirteen generations. Gurkhas served as troops under contract to the East India Company in the Pindaree War of 1817, in Bharatpur in 1826 and the First and Second Anglo-Sikh Wars in 1846 and 1848. Many Gurkha volunteers served in non-combatant roles, serving in units such as the Army Bearer Corps and the labour battalions. This honour was granted then next year (1858) when the battalion was renamed the Sirmoor Rifle Regiment and awarded a third colour. David Ochterlony and British political agent William Fraser were among the first to recognize the potential of Gurkha soldiers in British service. In times of crisis it can be deployed as a reaction force. A total of 250,280 Gurkhas served in 40 battalions, plus eight Nepalese Army battalions, parachute, training, garrison and porter units during the war, in almost all theatres. It become part of Nepal when King Prithvi Narayan Shah of Gorkha unified the country 250 years ago. The temple can be reached by a cable car running from the Kathmandu-Pokhara Highway. According to legends, one of the earliest Shah rulers was Rishi-raj Rana-Ji, of the Lunar dynasty. Twelve regiments from the Nepalese Army also took part in the relief of Lucknow under the command of Shri Teen (3) Maharaja Jung Bahadur Rana of Nepal and his older brother C-in-C Ranodip Singh Kunwar (Ranaudip Singh Bahadur Rana) (later to succeed Jung Bahadur and become Sri Teen Maharaja Ranodip Singh of Nepal). Also read the first and second essays of the series. Consulta los ejemplos de traducción de gorkha en las frases, escucha la pronunciación y aprende gramática. For the early modern state, see, Gurkha military rank system in the British Indian Army, Rank equivalents in modern Indian and British Armies, Regiments of the Gurkha Rifles (c. 1815–1947), Treatment of Gurkhas in the United Kingdom, Land of the Gurkhas; or, the Himalayan Kingdom of Nepal, p. 44, by W.B. In this first essay in the series, ... were, consequently, subject to fragmentation because of such factors as the division of the succession rights among the king’s sons and relatives by the king himself, ... As historian Ludwig Stiller explains in The Rise of the House of Gorkha, the empire’s second foundation rested on this carrot: All Rights Reserved. Former Indian Army Chief of Staff Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw once stated that: "If a man says he is not afraid of dying, he is either lying or he is a Gurkha. The act also guaranteed residency rights in the UK for retired Gurkhas and their families. Gorkha . c.300: Gasti is the last Kirati king. The 8th (Sirmoor) Local Battalion made a particularly notable contribution during the conflict, and indeed 25 Indian Order of Merit awards were made to men from that regiment during the Siege of Delhi. , Of note also, there have been two George Cross medals awarded to Gurkha soldiers, for acts of bravery in situations that have not involved combat.. The four regiments (or eight battalions) in British service have since been reduced to a single (two-battalion) regiment, while the Indian units have been expanded beyond their pre-Independence establishment of 12 battalions. What is the best way to fold a fitted sheet? 8. , The Gurkha Contingent (GC) of the Singapore Police Force was formed on 9 April 1949 from selected ex-British Army Gurkhas.  The only substantial change was the substitution of Indian officers for British. He was made the ruler of Chittorgarh and received the title of Bhattarak. ", "Nepal Origins of the Legendary Gurkha – Flags, Maps, Economy, History, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System", "Participants from the Indian subcontinent in the Second World War", "Bravery medal for Gurkha who fought Taliban", "Back to the Afghan Future: The return of the Gurkhas", "British Gurkhas shot dead in Afghanistan attack named", "The Battle for Parity: Victory for the Gurkhas". When did organ music become associated with baseball? In September, 1768, Prithvi Narayan Shah, the king of Gorkha Kingdom in what is now central Nepal, was perched at the lip of the Kathmandu Valley, preparing himself for its imminent vanquishing. Historically, the terms "Gurkha" and "Gorkhali" were synonymous with "Nepali", which originates from the hill principality Gorkha Kingdom, from which the Kingdom of Nepal expanded under Prithivi Narayan Shah. Fraser's confidence in their loyalty was such that in April 1815 he proposed forming them into a battalion under Lt. Ross called the Nasiri regiment. From the year 1604 to 1641, the Shah dynasty would become famous and rule over Gorkha. The khukri is a curved Nepalese knife which all Gorkha Rifles soldiers carry as a personal weapon. The Kingdom of Nepal was founded in 1768 by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, who hailed from the Gorkha Kingdom. The fort of King Ram Shah of Gorkha. , Gurkha ranks in the British Indian Army followed the same pattern as those used throughout the rest of the Indian Army at that time. What is the analysis of the poem song by nvm gonzalez? From the 16th century, Gorkha was ruled by the Shah dynasty.The Shahs installed themselves as rulers of Gorkha taking advantage of the confusion of an annual race held at a place called Liglig.It was the tradition of the local Ghale people to choose as their king for the year the fastest runner in the competition. "Rakhawala" means "protector" and is derived from "raksha" as well. King of Gorkha. It is an integral part of the police force and was raised to replace a Sikh unit that had existed prior to the Japanese occupation during the Second World War.  Six Gurkha regiments (12 battalions) were transferred to the post-independence Indian Army, while four regiments (eight battalions) were transferred to the British Army.  Following the Dunkirk evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in 1940, the Nepalese government offered to increase recruitment to enlarge the total number of Gurkha battalions in British service to 35. How much money does The Great American Ball Park make during one game? The first king of the Shah dynasty, King Drabya Shah, founded the Kingdom of Gorkha in the 15 th Century. In line with the ruling of the High Court the Home Office pledged to review all cases affected by this decision. The treatment of Gurkhas and their families was the subject of controversy in the United Kingdom once it became widely known that Gurkhas received smaller pensions than their British counterparts. During World War II (1939–1945) there were ten Gurkha regiments, with two battalions each, making a total of 20 pre-war battalions. Anish Thapa Magar of Parbat won the crown of the seventh Liglige Race, the historic event of the district which was organised to select new king during the 17th century. The Gurkhas displayed the courage, self-restraint and professionalism for which they are famous and earned the respect of the society at large..  This was significantly lower than the standard British rates of pay. Origin.  One detachment served with Lawrence of Arabia. He was interested in politics and diplomacy and had interests in both visiting and conquering other countries since his days as prince. After Indian independence in 1947, Gurkha officers in regiments which became part of the British Army received the King's (later Queen's) Gurkha Commission, and were known as King's/Queen's Gurkha Officers (KGO/QGO).  This would eventually rise to 43 battalions. The Court found that the Gurkhas had suffered a "historic injustice" and that the policy was irrational in failing to take into account factors such as length of service or particularly meritorious conduct. The Gorkha Museum is said to be the first palace constructed in Gorkha. Gorkha Kingdom (Nepali: गोरखा राज्य) was a kingdom in the confederation of 24 Khas states, known as Chaubisi rajya, located in the Indian subcontinent, present-day western Nepal.The Kingdom of Gorkha extended from the Marshyangdi River in the west to the Trishuli River in the east, which separated it from the kingdoms of Lamjung and Nepal respectively. [better source needed], Gurkha Square in Fleet, Hampshire, which contains the Fleet war memorial, is named after the Gurkhas. The 1st/6th Gurkhas, having landed at Cape Helles, led the assault during the first major operation to take out a Turkish high point, and in doing so captured a feature that later became known as "Gurkha Bluff". Gorkha holds the history of the country. , Between 1901 and 1906, the Gurkha regiments were renumbered from the 1st to the 10th and re-designated as the Gurkha Rifles. , On 21 May 2009 Home Secretary Jacqui Smith announced that all Gurkha veterans who retired before 1997 with at least four years service would be allowed to settle in the UK. This was rare until after the Second World War. Since partition, the Gurkha regiments that were transferred to the Indian Army have established themselves as a permanent and vital part of the newly independent Indian Army. , "Gorkha" and "Gorkhali" redirect here. On 8 March 2007 the British Government announced that all Gurkhas who signed up after 1 July 1997 would receive a pension equivalent to that of their British counterparts. Gorkha Durbar.  Later, during the four-month Siege of Delhi, they defended Hindu Rao's house, losing 327 out of 490 men. During the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814–16) between the Gorkha Kingdom (present-day Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal ) and the East India Company , the Gorkhali soldiers made an impression on the British, who called them Gurkhas . Watch Queue Queue  As in the British Army itself, there were three distinct levels: private soldiers, non-commissioned officers and commissioned officers. Gorkha Tourism: Tripadvisor has 472 reviews of Gorkha Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Gorkha resource. The rajas were titled Rana-Ji for four generations and Rana-ji Rava for a further seventeen generations. , As such, between the World Wars the Gurkha regiments fought in the Third Afghan War in 1919. 7. The Kingdom of Nepal was founded in 1768 by Prithvi Narayan Shah, a Gorkha king, who succeeded in unifying the three existing smaller kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur into a single state. The majority are veterans of the British Army and the Singaporean Police, who have joined the GRU as a second career. According to legends, one of the earliest Shah rulers was Rishi-raj Rana-Ji, of the Lunar dynasty. The Gurkhas or Gorkhas (/ˈɡɜːrkə, ˈɡʊər-/) with endonym Gorkhali (Nepali: गोरखाली, [ɡorkʰali]) are soldiers native to the South Asia of Nepalese nationality recruited for the British Army, Nepalese Army, Indian Army, Gurkha Contingent Singapore, Gurkha Reserve Unit Brunei, UN peacekeeping force and war zones around the world. Gorkha district lies in western region of Nepal. The kingdom lasted for 240 years before the abolition of the Nepalese Monarchy in 2008. * Dravya Shah (Grandson of Kul Mandan Shah, Youngest son of Yaso Bramha Shah, the King of Lamjung)was at first prince of Lamjung became king of Gorkha in 1616 BS Bhadra Krishnastami Wednesday. The war came to an end in 1774 with the Limbuwan Gorkha treaty which recognised Limbu people s' right to Kipat land in Limbuwan and full autonomy. How did Rizal overcome frustration in his romance? Gorkha Gaun Resort is ideally located in the lush green hills of Gorkha, facing Mt. Manakamana Temple. In addition to keeping peace in India, Gurkhas fought in Syria, North Africa, Italy, Greece and against the Japanese in the jungles of Burma, northeast India and also Singapore. (1920). They discouraged Brahminical influence in the military and considered the Hindu castes more susceptible to Brahminical values. His father’s early death in 1743 made him king of Gorkha. Twenty-Six Victoria Crosses have been won by Gurkha Regiments, Land of Gurkhas, a video footage from 1957, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gurkha&oldid=997852370, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2011, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2017, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Who was the lady with the trophy in roll bounce movie? History of Gorkha Durbar.  The number of Gurkha battalions was increased to 33, and Gurkha units were placed at the disposal of the British high command by the Gurkha government for service on all fronts. About 5,000 men entered British service in 1815, most of whom were not just Gorkhalis but Kumaonis, Garhwalis and other Himalayan hill men. , During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, Gurkhas fought on the British side and became part of the British Indian Army on its formation. They kept the peace among the local populace and engaged with the lawless and often openly hostile Pathan tribesmen. ), This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 15:23. During the ultimately unsuccessful Gallipoli Campaign in 1915, the Gurkhas were among the first to arrive and the last to leave. How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? After the Indian mutiny of 1857–58, the British authorities in India feared the inclusion of Hindu castes in the army.  They have also served in Sri Lanka conducting operations against the Tamil Tigers. Manaslu- the eight highest peak in the world, Gorkha Gaun Resort is 140 Km … The name by which Nepali people first became world famous is Gorkha (the British called the Nepali soldiers they recruited, Gurkhas).  The 2nd Battalion of the 3rd Gurkha Rifles (2nd/3rd Gurkha Rifles) was involved in the conquest of Baghdad. Since then, British Gurkhas have served in Borneo during the confrontation with Indonesia, in the Falklands War and on various peacekeeping missions in Sierra Leone, East Timor, Bosnia and Kosovo..  They have also been used in peacekeeping operations around the world. , A 2008 UK High Court decision on a test case in London, R. (on the application of Limbu) v Secretary of State for the Home Department  EWHC 2261 (Admin), acknowledged the "debt of honour" to Gurkhas discharged before 1997. While the difference is made up through cost of living and location allowances during a Gurkha's actual period of service, the pension payable on his return to Nepal is much lower than would be the case for his British counterparts.. The war came to an end in 1774 with the "Cease-fireTtreaty of Salt and Water" between Yakhtung Limbuwani Kings and Gorkhas. The temple is dedicated to the Goddess Durga, and receives up to 3,000 visitors daily, which increases to tens of thousands during festival times. , On 9 June 2015, a celebration called the Gurkha 200, held at The Royal Hospital Chelsea and attended by members of the royal family, commemorated the bicentennial of the Gurkha Welfare Trust by paying tribute to Gurkha culture and military service. Gurung, the party met Pt. As he rose to power, he started building rapport with his countrymen and valued each and every people of his state.  In addition, since Indian independence in 1947, Gurkhas serving in the Indian Army have also been awarded three Param Vir Chakras, which are roughly equivalent. There are Gurkha military units in the Nepalese, British and Indian armies enlisted in Nepal, United Kingdom and India. Although they meet many of the requirements of Article 47 of Protocol I of the Geneva Conventions regarding mercenaries, they are exempt under clauses 47(e) and (f) similarly to the French Foreign Legion. During the war the British were keen to use defectors from the Gurkha army and employ them as irregular forces. As of May 2020, the Brigade of Gurkhas in the British Army has the following units: The Brigade of Gurkhas also has its own chefs posted among the above-mentioned units. In a landmark ruling on 30 September 2008 the High Court in London decided that the Home Secretary's policy allowing Gurkhas who left the Army before 1997 to apply for settlement in the United Kingdom was irrationally restrictive in its criteria, and overturned it. Any Gurkha holding a commission was technically subordinate to any British officer, regardless of rank. Reuters. A large number also served in combat in France, Turkey, Palestine and Mesopotamia. Gurkha kukri Knife: The traditional lethal Gurkha weapon. Gurkhas were among the troops who retook the Falklands in 1982 and have served a number of tours of duty in the current War in Afghanistan.. An advocacy group, Gurkha Justice Campaign, joined the debate in support of the Gurkhas. Nimisha becomes the first king of the Soma Period. Although their deployment is still governed by the 1947 Tripartite Agreement, in the post-1947 conflicts India has fought in, Gorkhas have served in almost all of them, including the wars with Pakistan in 1947, 1965, 1971 and 1999 and also against China in 1962. He was made the ruler of Chittorgarh and received the title of Bhattarak. The Bhattarak had to abdicate and could only retain his caste family name, Rana-ji. The Soma had established a principality in the west while the … This regiment, which later became the 1st King George's Own Gurkha Rifles, saw action at the Malaun fort under the leadership of Lt. Lawtie, who reported to Ochterlony that he "had the greatest reason to be satisfied with their exertions". The equivalent ranks in the post-1947 Indian Army were (and are) known as Junior Commissioned Officers (JCOs).  Thirteen of the recipients have been British officers serving with Gurkha regiments, although since 1915 the majority have been received by Gurkhas serving in the ranks as private soldiers or NCOs. King Narbhupal Shah had two sons.  However, as of 2018, Gurkha recruitment for foreign service continues. , Three days after the mutiny began, the Sirmoor Battalion was ordered to move to Meerut, where the British garrison was barely holding on, and in doing so they had to march up to 48 km a day. In this time the Brigade of Gurkhas, as the regiments came to be collectively known, was expanded to 20 battalions within the ten regiments.. In Independent India, Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League was the first political party from the region to demand greater identity for the Gorkha ethnic group and economic freedom for the community, when in 1952, under the presidentship of N.B. He is defeated by the Soma king, Nimisha, and Kirati rule comes to an end. Tod, James & Crooke, William (eds.) This video is unavailable. Protector(रक्षा) of cows(गो)), "raksha" becoming "rakha" (रखा). The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Sugauli in 1816.  The first was awarded in 1858 and the last in 1965. The reason appears to have been the pragmatic one that the Gurkha regiments of the Indian Army would continue to serve in their existing roles in familiar territory and under terms and conditions that were well established. Before that, Nepal was divided into small kingdoms until when Prithvi Narayan Shah, the first king of Nepal had the vision to unite small kingdoms into a singular strength to make a wall against the rising force from the East, East Indies Company. El príncipe Dravya Shah en 1559 también reemplazó a los jefes de Khandka para convertirse en el primer rey del Reino de Gorkha. 6. The regiments then participated in numerous campaigns on the North-West Frontier, mainly in Waziristan, where they were employed as garrison troops defending the frontier. These groups, eventually lumped together under the term Gurkha, became the backbone of British Indian forces.  The word itself derived from "Go-Raksha" (Nepali: गोरक्षा i.e. Commissioned officers within the Gurkha regiments held a Viceroy's Commission, which was distinct from the King's or Queen's Commission that British officers serving with a Gurkha regiment held. The Regimental Insignia of all the Gorkha Rifles Regiments consists of a pair of crossed khukris. What is the rhythm tempo of the song sa ugoy ng duyan? , During this time the North-West Frontier was the scene of considerable political and civil unrest and troops stationed at Razmak, Bannu and Wanna saw an extensive amount of action.. He … Austin, Ian and Thakur Nahar Singh Jasol. In the first place, it should be noted that there is no unanimity on the origin of the word ‘Gorkha’. “In their own companies enlist Khas, Magars, Gurungs, and Thakuris, and only these four jaats.Let these four jaats only serve in the military, and in time of war all will be strong; and the enemy and heaven itself will tremble.” He ascended to the throne of Gorkha kingdom on 3 April 1743. At the tender of 20, Prithvi Narayan Shah sat on the throne of Gorkha Kingdom. , To the disappointment of their British officers, the majority of Gurkhas given a choice between British or Indian Army service opted for the latter. Watch Queue Queue. From the 1920s Gurkhas could also receive King's Indian Commissions, and later full King's or Queen's Commissions, which put them on a par with British officers. From the end of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 until the start of World War I, the Gurkha Regiments saw active service in Burma, Afghanistan, the North-East Frontier and the North-West Frontiers of India, Malta (the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–78), Cyprus, Malaya, China (the Boxer Rebellion of 1900) and Tibet (Younghusband's Expedition of 1905). During the Battle of Loos (June–December 1915) a battalion of the 8th Gurkhas fought to the last man, hurling themselves time after time against the weight of the German defences, and in the words of the Indian Corps commander, Lt. Gen. Sir James Willcocks, "found its Valhalla".. After the rebellion the 60th Rifles pressed for the Sirmoor Battalion to become a rifle regiment. There were also a number of additional Gurkha regiments including the 69th and 70th Gurkha Field Squadrons, both included in the 36th Engineer Regiment. , Gurkhas are closely associated with the khukuri, a forward-curving Nepali knife, and have a reputation for fearless military prowess. There have been 26 Victoria Crosses awarded to members of the Gurkha regiments. By contrast, the four regiments selected for British service faced an uncertain future, initially in Malaya; a region where relatively few Gurkhas had previously served.  At Sari Bair they were the only troops in the whole campaign to reach and hold the crest line and look down on the Straits, which was the ultimate objective. Soma Period c.AD 205 - 305. During this action they fought side by side with the 60th Rifles and a strong bond developed.. Despite the changes, many Gurkhas who had not served long enough to entitle them to a pension faced hardship on their return to Nepal, and some critics derided the government's decision to only award the new pension and citizenship entitlement to those joining after 1 July 1997, claiming that this left many ex-Gurkha servicemen still facing a financially uncertain retirement. In 1949 the spelling was changed from "Gurkha" to the original "Gorkha". While in principle any British subject may apply for a commission without having served in the ranks, Gurkhas cannot. From this man's dynasty came Kul Mandan Khan who later took the "Upadhi" (Rank) called "Shah" and became Kulmandan Shah. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC.  These regiments were: Additionally, a further regiment, 11 Gorkha Rifles, was raised. Gorkha Durbar overlooking a hill … Indeed, while Britain has reduced its Gurkha contingent, India has continued to recruit Gorkhas of Nepal into Gorkha regiments in large numbers, as well as Indian Gorkhas.  Large numbers of Gurkha men were also recruited for non-Gurkha units, and other specialized functions such as paratroops, signals, engineers and military police. Monarcas del Reino Gorkha [ editar ] La siguiente es una lista de los diez reyes del principado de la colina de Gorkha [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ] History of Limbuwan covers the rest of the Limbuwan History. During the turbulent years before and after independence, the GC acquitted itself well on several occasions during outbreaks of civil disorder. This is the third installment from our series of essays on the Gorkha Empire. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? The Gorkha Regiments have been awarded 3 Param Vir Chakras, 33 Maha Vir Chakras, and 84 Vir Chakras during operations.  The nationality status of Gurkhas and their families was also an area of dispute, with claims that some ex-army Nepali families were being denied residency and forced to leave Britain. A comparatively weak king. The Limbuwan -Gorkha war was a series of battles fought between the king of Gorkha and the rulers of various principalities of Limbuwan from 1771 to 1774 AD.  They also pressured Prime Minister Bir Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana to comprise at least of 75% of the forces of Gurungs and Magars. The Brunei Reserve Unit employs about 500 Gurkhas. The king asked why the Mahabharata war had not commenced. During the monarchical period, Nepal was ruled by Shah Dynasty which ruled with the different degree of … What floral parts are represented by eyes of pineapple? King Yalamber is believed to be the first Kirat king to rule the country. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Gorkha is the name of the kingdom from where the Shah dynasty hailed. A spokesperson for the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), which was expected to play a major role in the new secular republic, stated that recruitment as mercenaries was degrading to the Nepalese people and would be banned. The Gorkha kingdom was established in the year 1560, by the legendary King Drabya Shah. British Army officers received Queen's or King's Commissions, but Gurkha officers in this system received the Viceroy's Commission.  The name may be traced to the medieval Hindu warrior-saint Guru Gorakhnath who has a historic shrine in Gorkha. How do you put grass into a personification? Gorkha Durbar's history dates back to when it was a feudal kingdom in the mid 16th century CE under the first king of Gorkha Dravya Shah. Gorkha, October 7. The Home Secretary's policy allowing veterans to apply on a limited set of criteria (such as connection to the United Kingdom) was quashed as being unduly restrictive. 26th Gurkha Brigade (Hong Kong, 1948–1950), 51st Infantry Brigade (Hong Kong disbanded 1976), 48th Gurkha Infantry Brigade (Hong Kong, 1957–1976; renamed Gurkha Field Force 1976–1997; returned to old title, 250 Gurkha Signal Squadron, 30 Signal Regiment, 247 Gurkha Signal Squadron, 16 Signal Regiment, 248 Gurkha Signal Squadron, 22 Signal Regiment. With the abolition of the Nepalese monarchy in 2008, the future recruitment of Gurkhas for British and Indian service was initially put into doubt. The QGO Commission was abolished in 2007. (eds. The Gurkha Reserve Unit (GRU) is a special guard and elite shock-troop force in the Sultanate of Brunei. Prithvi Narayan Shah, First King of Unified Kingdom of Gorkha. His 1st son died when he was a child and Prithivi Narayan Shan became Crown Prince of Gorkha. 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